1. RUDDER

The SS United States' rudder was designed for good maneuverability at high speed. Rudder design was deemed important because the RMS Titanic's relatively small rudder was a contributing factor in that ship's collision with an iceberg and tragic sinking on her maiden voyage in 1912.

Photo courtesy of Wayne Forth

2. PROPELLERS

The SS United States was fitted with four propellers — two four-bladed and two five-bladed. This configuration was tested and selected for its superior hydrodynamic performance, and the design was overseen by the pioneering Gibbs & Cox female engineer Elaine Kaplan.

Photo courtesy of Wayne Forth

3. KINGPOSTS AND BOOMS

Four masts called "kingposts" were each fitted with two booms — cranes used to haul large cargo in and out of the ship's deep cargo holds when she was in port. In addition to her complement of over 3,000 passengers and crew, the SS United States could carry 148,000 cubic feet of cargo — the equivalent of 37 modern semi trailers.

Photos courtesy of Robert G. Lenzler & Nicholas Landiak

4. LIFEBOATS

The SS United States is widely considered the safest ship ever built, in contrast to the "unsinkable" Titanic.  She carried far more lifeboats and rafts than were required by law. The SS United States' 24 lifeboats plus her additional rafts could hold 4,060 people — over 1,000 more than the ship itself could hold booked at 100 percent capacity.  Welin Davit Boat Company constructed SS United States’ last line of safety measures: each lifeboat was constructed entirely in aluminum.  The aluminum build reduced the weight of the boats, allowing for ease of handling in case on an emergency.

Photos courtesy of Lori Ridington, Bob Sturm & United States Boston 1969

5. LIFE RAFTS

In addition to her aluminum lifeboats, the SS United States carried several life rafts stowed on her deck in various locations. In the event of catastrophic damage where half of her lifeboats became unusable (such as the disasters encountered by the RMS Lusitania in 1915 and the SS Andrea Doria in 1956), the SS United States would still have enough rafts and boats to evacuate her entire complement of passengers and crew. 

Photos courtesy of Susan Gibbs, Bob Sturm & Ronald Jensch

6. FUNNELS

The SS United States' magnificent red, white and blue funnels remain the tallest ever to be installed on a ship — at 65 feet they are themselves as tall as a 6-story building. Their design includes distinctive "wings" in the rear that serve to deflect engine exhaust away from passengers on deck.  The funnels were raked sharply backwards to lend the impression of motion and a determination to race.  They were designed to be asymmetrical - the aft-most funnel was smaller than the fore-most.  The proportions of the painted stripes on the funnels were adjusted accordingly. Forward, the funnel was 75% red, 10% white and 15% blue; the aft-most funnel was 70.8% red, 11.7% white, and 17.5% blue.  

Photos courtesy of Jean Stewart & Charles Anderson

7. RADAR MAST

The SS United States was equipped with the latest radar equipment in 1952, which allowed the ship to see the position of other ships and objects in the ocean even when visibility was low (in storms, fog, etc.). Radar was a relatively new technology in 1952 and was among the first ocean liners to use it. The radar mast was also one of the highest points on the ship, so in addition to her radar "eyes", a lookout could be stationed there to warn the captain of any danger in the ship's path.

Photos courtesy of Gregory Shutters & Charles Anderson

8. NAVIGATION BRIDGE

Effectively the brains of the ship, the navigation bridge was where the captain and his officers would set the ship's course and her speed. The bridge was equipped with a helm compass, engine telegraphs, radar units, magnetic compass and other controls.  Behind the bridge on the port side was the damage control room which contained the controls for the fire alarm systems, watertight and firescreen doors and other emergency systems.  Some windows on the front of the bridge were equipped with a type of "windshield wiper" that would allow the crew to see in the event of heavy rain, snow or ice storms.

Photos courtesy of Charles Anderson & Lori Ridington

9. ANCHORS

The SS United States three massive anchors (the two largest on both sides of her bow, one more at her prow, or the very front) were used to keep the ship from moving if she was ever stopped and not moored to a dock. They were frequently used when she was on cruises to tropical climates and the water in her ports of call was too shallow for her to dock. The SS United States would anchor offshore and smaller excursion boats would ferry the passengers to  land.

Photos courtesy of Betsy McKelvey, Charles Anderson & Richard Rabbett

10. SPORTS DECK

The SS United States featured extensive exterior deck space, some of which was set up specifically for deck games. Shuffleboard was popular on the ship, as was "deck tennis" similar to regular tennis in that it involved a net, but passengers would toss a rubber disk back and forth instead of hitting a ball with rackets. On most ships, wooden pucks were used on the shuffleboard courts, but in accordance with the SS United States' strict rule preventing combustible materials, the Big U's pucks were made of plastic. Because of the ship's great speed, the SS United States had large wind deflectors so that passengers on the sports deck would not be uncomfortable.

Photos courtesy of Susan Gibbs, Bill Krudener & Greg Norris